DIET IN ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION
Dietary approaches to reduce hypertension
Diet is undoubtedly an important part of treatment of many diseases. This applies to the treatment of hypertension. It is known that among the risk factors for hypertension can be atherosclerosis, diabetes, obesity. In turn, the nature of power imposes its imprint these diseases.
Overeating and the prevalence of dietary saturated fat and carbohydrates contributes to the development of these diseases. That is why diet plays such an important role in the treatment of hypertension.
One of the principles of diet in hypertension is called the standard DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension – dietary approaches to lower hypertension). According to these principles, the doctors advised the following:
- There are more fruits, vegetables and unsaturated fats, which include vegetable oils (these are known to not contain cholesterol.)
- The decline in the proportion of dietary fats of animal origin, which contain much cholesterol.
- There are more grains, fish, poultry and nuts.
- There is less fatty meats and sweets.
- There are more foods rich in magnesium, potassium and calcium.
- Limit salt intake.
It is also recommended to limit alcoholic beverages. However, in recent times there is information that small amounts (up to 200 grams per day) dry red wine still permitted. Coffee and foods containing caffeine, and should be excluded from your diet. Potatoes, beans and peas can be eaten in moderation. Bread – up to 200 grams per day, preferably rye.
The basis of the diet for high blood pressure should make the following dishes:
- The meat-fat varieties, low-fat fish (mostly boiled, the fish are useful omega-3 fatty acids);
- Milk and milk products, nonfat cottage cheese and cheese;
- Crisp cereals (buckwheat, oats, millet, etc.);
- Soups: vegetarian, dairy, fruit (including the total amount of fluid consumed per day!). Meat soup with low-fat broth is recommended to use no more than twice a week;
- Fruits and vegetables (fresh or pickled cabbage, cucumbers and tomatoes, zucchini, pumpkin), raw or boiled, in the form of salads, salads with vegetable oil;
- Foods rich in lipotropic substances (substances that help to reduce blood lipids), potassium and magnesium (apricots, dried apricots, apples, etc.).
Potassium helps to prevent the development of hypertension and control it. It is also important for normal functioning of the heart.
Which foods high in potassium: