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Brown color in menstruation: when you should worry?

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The menstruation of the woman is a monthly phenomenon that occurs because of the detachment of an ovum that has not been fertilized, that is, it occurs when there has not been a pregnancy. The rule depends on many factors such as good emotional, physical health and also hormones. All these factors work together to ensure that the woman has a good supply of mature eggs ready to be fertilized at the time of ovulation. Being alert about the changes produced in your body is important, so it is possible that you have been worried if you have seen something of  brown flow . Here we tell you why you have this type of rule .

Vaginal discharge: what is it?

The vaginal discharge is a viscous fluid secreted by the cervix and vaginal walls. This flow is different in each woman and each one of us must know what her normal flow looks like to be able to easily detect when it has some kind of change. In general, it is usually transparent or whitish and its consistency can range from very liquid to very pasty and usually does not present a bad smell . All these variations are not only given from one woman to another, but during the menstrual cycle of each one, the vaginal discharge usually changes . In this way, during the days of ovulation (approximately half cycle) the flow is much more abundant and transparent, whereas in the days before and after the rule falls, it becomes thicker and scarcer .

What is the vaginal discharge used for? Its functions are several. In addition to being a mechanism to moisten and lubricate the area, it also helps keep it clean. Another of its fundamental tasks is to preserve the bacterial flora of the vagina in balance, thus avoiding the presence of infections.

Brown vaginal discharge

Despite the slight variations that the vaginal discharge can present throughout our menstrual cycle and even in our life, there are certain occasions in which we can get to notice that its smell, color or texture is not normal . One of them is when, suddenly, we see brown or brown spots.

Sometimes, there is a small amount of menstrual blood that stays in the uterus for a day or two before being expelled by the woman's body. This blood, which becomes "old" blood as it has not been eliminated during the last period, takes on a darker brown tone than usual when expelled .

The reasons for brown vaginal discharge

The reasons for brown vaginal discharge

In a normal situation, this phenomenon does not have more importance since it is something totally natural. If there are no other associated symptoms or other complications, there should be no cause for concern. The reasons why this type of dark colored rule occurs can be several and if you notice that it is a recurring problem, do not hesitate to go to a health professional for advice.

1Brown flow due to traces of menstruation

As we have mentioned before, in many occasions, when a woman has the period, she does not completely expel all the cell remains generated in that period. This causes a subsequent expulsion that can cause the vaginal discharge to turn brown after being held in the uterus for a while .

2Brown flow due to implantation bleeding

This brown spotting is quite common in pregnancy and is often indicative of conception. It usually occurs a few days after having been conceived a new life and lasts between 1 and 4 days, although it is a very scarce stain that is known as "implantation bleeding", when the fertilized egg attaches to the uterus.

3Brown flow through ovulation

Sometimes brown blood may be expelled into the vaginal fluid between periods, usually around day 14 and day 16 of the last period (before reaching 28 days of the cycle). This can be because of ovulation and is called spotting, which is when the mature egg is released from the ovary.

4Brown flow due to emotional disturbances

Emotional disorders, such as  stress or depression, can cause the inner lining of the uterus to narrow, which will slow the detachment of endometrial cells. This delay will result in the oxidation of bloodthat will turn a dark brown color.

5Brown flow due to an obstruction of the menstrual cycle

Anything that may hinder the passage of the normal flow of menstrual blood from the uterus through the cervix and vagina can cause problems and form clots , so the color and thickness of the blood from the ruler can be affected.

6Brown flow by contraceptive methods

The causes of brown vaginal discharge

If you are taking oral contraceptives such as the pill, the brown flow may be due to an alteration of hormones . In the case of contraceptive methods that require an implantation inside the body of the woman can cause this type of brown menstruation when being placed.

7Brown flow due to eating disorders

Our body needs nutrients that help it to have good defenses so that not eating properly can cause very harmful effects for the body. Among them, it can affect menstruation causing brown vaginal discharge, uncontrolled it and even making it disappear .

8Brown flow through polyps

The presence of benign polyps in the uterus can also cause the  menstrual blood to alter  between rules.

9Brown flow through polycystic ovaries

In the Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), it is very common for a dark discharge to occur as a result of the presence of uterine blood. This pathology also produces other symptoms such as irregular menstruation, excess hair and acne.

10Brown flow due to sexually transmitted disease (STD)

On many occasions, STDs manifest in the woman's body altering their vaginal flora . That is, the set of bacteria that protect the female genitals from possible infections are completely nullified. This means that the production of vaginal discharge also undergoes an alteration and can turn into a brown color.

11Brown flow through menopause

Another reason you may have brown menstruation is when you approach menopause , as the cervical canal becomes narrower because of the reduction of estrogen levels in the woman's body.

When is brown vaginal discharge normal?

Brown vaginal discharge: why is it?

We can consider that the brown flow is normal in the following situations:

+In adolescence.

+After having maintained intimate contact during pregnancy.

+When the woman experiences hormonal changes.

+Change in contraception or intake of hormonal medications, such as for the thyroid .

When should I worry and go to the gynecologist?

Brown vaginal discharge: when to go to the gynecologist?

It is recommended that you consult with a gynecologist if your brown flow:

+Lasts more than four days .

+It is accompanied by other symptoms such as abdominal pain, weakness, fever, changes in menstruation, foul odor or itching.

+It is interspersed with a deep red bleeding .

Usually, brown vaginal discharge is due to benign and temporary causes, however, you must take into account the exact time of the menstrual cycle in which it occurs to help your doctor find and diagnose the exact cause.

These are some causes of why you can have a brown menstruation , do you know more causes that cause it? Have you ever had brown rules? Why did it happen to you? 

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