REHABILITATION IN DISEASES OF THE HEART
Rehabilitation in diseases of the heart – is a program based on individual patient characteristics, which consists of exercises and training activities aimed at restoring health after a suffering a heart disease or cardiac surgery after suffering interference.
Rehabilitation in diseases of the heart is often divided into phases, which include a physician-controlled exercise, the development of the optimal diet, emotional support, and training the right way of life. Cardiac rehabilitation program aimed at restoring the old powers of the body, restoring the lost strength, and, above all, the risk of relapse prevention of cardiac events in the future.
Cardiac rehabilitation improves the patient's chance of survival.
Why do we need rehabilitation in heart disease
Cardiac rehabilitation is suitable for patients of all ages and in many forms of heart disease. In particular, cardiac rehabilitation is an effective option if you have had or have any of these conditions:
- Myocardial infarction
- Coronary heart disease (ischemic heart disease, CHD)
- Heart failure
- Some congenital heart disease
- If you had surgery of aorto-coronary bypass surgery
- Angioplasty or stenting
- Heart transplant
- Surgery to replace heart valves.
Once again, we note that the cardiac rehabilitation program may be used at any age, including elderly patients.
Risks associated with cardiac rehabilitation
It should be noted that not all patients with heart disease Cardiac rehabilitation approaches. The extent to which this program is specifically suited to you may choose to doctors rehabilitation specialists.
Sometimes, patients during cardiac rehabilitation injury may occur, such as muscles, ligaments, or bone fractures, as noted in the pathology of the muscles, ligaments or bone. Therefore, doctors, rehabilitation specialists carefully monitor the entire process of cardiac rehabilitation in order to avoid such complications.
What is the rehabilitation for heart disease?
Cardiac rehabilitation often begins when you're still in the hospital for treatment, and then continues after discharge.
The first stages of most cardiac rehabilitation programs last from three to six months. At this time, you run a cardiologist, a training specialist, a dietitian, a specialist in rehabilitative exercises, occupational therapist, physiotherapist and psychologist.
Rehabilitation in diseases of the heart consists of four main parts:
Medical examination and evaluation of general condition
Initial examination allows physicians to assess your general condition, physical strength, limitations and other conditions that affect the choice of cardiac rehabilitation. Doctors assess your risk factors for heart disease, stroke and high blood pressure. On the basis of the data, doctors make an individual program of cardiac rehabilitation, which is safe and effective for you.
Cardiac rehabilitation aims to improve your cardiovascular system by walking (health path), cycling, swimming and other forms of physical activity. Also apply strength training (eg weight lifting) for improving muscle strength.
Do not worry if you've never engaged in exercises. A team of specialists, rehabilitation specialists will select the set of exercises that is safe and comfortable. In general, these exercises should be done three to five times a week. You will be taught the proper technique of exercises, how to warm up and stretch the muscles before the main complex.
Learn the proper way of life
One of the highlights of cardiac rehabilitation is the diet. It is the right food can help lose weight. You will be taught to eat and choose food that is best suited for you, avoiding too much fat, salt and cholesterol. Will help you quit bad habits, which well, does not tally with a healthy life, suffered a heart disease such as smoking. You will be taught how to cope with the pain and fatigue.
Heart disease – a serious problem, which "knocks out" you at any time of the rut. This can lead to depression, anxiety. You can not work, do the usual things. It is therefore very important psychological support. If you have depression, you should not ignore this phase of rehabilitation, or recovery from illness will occur is very difficult. The struggle with depression may be both medical therapy and in therapy, which allows you to forget about the disease.
Although cardiac rehabilitation program to start hard when you feel it does not matter in the future will significantly improve your condition. Cardiac rehabilitation can help you cope with anxiety, depression, and give you strength and energy.
After a course of cardiac rehabilitation will need to continue to lead a healthy lifestyle, it's about as diet and bad habits, and exercise. By the time you already know it all.
The results of cardiac rehabilitation
Rehabilitation in diseases of the heart – a long-term program. If you have ever suffered heart disease, no matter whether on this operation or not, the rehabilitation process should proceed in the rest of his life. But it's not as bad as it can seem. Is it bad all my life to live a healthy lifestyle? After all, there is a distinct advantage – it prolongs life!
The results of rehabilitation you are able to feel from the very beginning. You will no longer suffer from shortness of breath, you will learn how to evenly distribute the load, and the way that it is also of benefit for the entire cardiovascular system. You will learn to cope with stress and depression, and thus be able to encourage other people like you. In short, Cardiac Rehabilitation – is an essential stage in the treatment of heart disease.
KARDIOREABILITATSII CENTER – JSC MEDICINE – MOSCOW
KARDIOREABILITATSIYA in a sanatorium BARVIKHA – MOSCOW
Examination and treatment in GERMANY – Institute "DIAGNOSTIX"
AID IN THE TREATMENT –
Coronary artery disease
Rehabilitation of patients with coronary artery disease
Rehabilitation after myocardial infarction
Rehabilitation in heart diseases
Rehabilitation after stenting
Rehabilitation after CABG