Osteohondroz spine – Elite Treatment in Europe
Due to the vertical position of the body in humans, unlike animals, the spine experiences significant congestion. Especially a lot of pressure falls on the lumbar and cervical spine. The reason is that the neck and lower back do not only supports but also cushioning function for any movements. So early, starting from 2-3rd decade of life, starts wearing out cervical and lumbar spine areas. Wear is the loss of elasticity of the tissues of the spine – the intervertebral disc, ligaments, fascia and muscles – as well as a change in normal bone structure of the spinal column. Thus, because of the static and dynamic loads on the spine of the deformation of the intervertebral disc, intervertebral muscles and fibrous bands. This, in turn, leads to stimulation of receptors of the spinal tissues.
In order to compensate for the deformation of the disc, or excessive muscle tension in the spine begins expansion of bone and fibrous tissue: the spine as it tries again, "straighten up" and become more stable and redistribute the load. The growth of bone thickening is manifested in the processes of the vertebrae, through which they connect with each other, and the proliferation of fibrous tissue – a thickening and loss of elasticity of the ligaments, walking along the spine. As a result, the spine becomes more rigid and less mobile. This again can lead to pinching the spinal cord that is inside the spine, as well as nerve trunks extending from the spinal cord. The result is a dull aching pain in the back or neck (the deformation of the vertebral segments and thickening of the bones and ligaments) or shooting pains in any parts of the body – the so-called radiculitis (when pinching the nerve roots of the spinal cord). The development of such changes, as already stated, occurs primarily in the lumbar and cervical spine. However, if the process is already running, it somehow involved the entire vertebral column.
Therefore, in practice very rare to find an isolated low back pain in the cervical or lumbar spine . As a rule, speak of a "neck and breast," "lumbar-thoracic", "lumbo-sacral" or "distributed" osteochondrosis, referring to the pathology of two or more adjacent parts of the spinal column.
For each spine has its own clinical syndromes caused by osteochondrosis. Thus, the well-known are such names as "sciatica", "lumbago," "lumbar sciatica" or "intercostal neuralgia". Less well-known manifestations – "shoulder-hand syndrome," "piriformis syndrome" or "cervical compression syndrome." Each of these syndromes is composed not only of the symptoms of pain in the spine, and secondary inflammatory changes in the muscles near the affected region of the vertebral column, as well as symptoms of circulatory disorders and swelling of internal organs.
Diagnosis of osteochondrosis consists of analysis of clinical manifestations and special methods of investigation of spine and muscles – X-ray, magnetic resonance, ultrasound, isotope studies.
In the treatment of degenerative disc disease using both methods of massage and manual therapy and medication – drugs that improve the nutrition of the muscles and bones, cartilage regenerative properties of intervertebral discs, relieving pain, swelling and inflammation of the tissues.
Neurology – rehabilitation and treatment in MATERNUS KLINIK – Germany
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