Syncope, syncope – Elite Treatment in Europe
Fainting, or syncope (from the Latin "enervate, exhaust") – a brief bouts of loss of consciousness due to temporary cerebral blood flow. Syncope is a symptom of an underlying disease. There are a number of pathological conditions involving the formation of syncope:
- First, the disease is associated with decreased cardiac output – cardiac arrhythmias , stenosis of the aorta or pulmonary arteries, heart attacks , seizures, angina pectoris .
- Secondly, it states, accompanied by a violation of the nervous regulation of blood vessels – such as syncope when swallowing, with the rapid rise from a horizontal position.
- Thirdly, this state of low oxygen in the blood – anemia and other blood diseases, hypoxia, at the height of the air or discharged in stuffy rooms.
Clinical manifestations of syncope can be described as follows. Loss of consciousness when it is usually preceded by a state of faintness, nausea. blurred vision or flashes of "flies" in front of the eyes, ringing in the ears. There is a weakness, sometimes yawning, sometimes buckles his legs and approaching a sense of impending loss of consciousness. sick pale, covered with sweat. After this, the patient loses consciousness. Skin ash-gray, the pressure drops sharply, heart tones listened with great difficulty. The pulse may be extremely rare or, alternatively frequent, but filiform, barely detectable. The muscles are relaxed dramatically, neurological reflexes are not detectable or greatly reduced. Dilated pupils, and a decrease in their response to light. Duration of syncope from several seconds to several minutes – usually 1-2. At the height of syncope, especially during its protracted course (5 minutes) may develop seizures, involuntary urination.
Treatment of syncope is reduced, on the one hand, treatment of underlying disease, and the other – of the relief of syncope. At the time of syncope is necessary to ensure maximum blood flow to the brain, the patient lay on his back with raised legs, or sit with bowed head between your knees. If the patient is then laid his head on one side, to prevent the tongue. In addition, a number of drugs used for stimulation of vascular tone and blood pressure rise.
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