Benign tumors of the nose
Benign tumors of the nose – Elite Treatment in Europe
ENT Diseases -2005
For benign tumors of the nose include:
- angiomas and angiofibromas
- nevi (pigmented tumors)
Typical symptoms of benign tumors of the nasal cavity are the persistent difficulty in breathing through the nose, the half in which the tumor hyposphresia or anosmia, may be minor bleeding.
In the later stages of the disease are observed:
- deformation of the facial skeleton
- displacement of the eyeballs
- visual disturbances.
The diagnosis of benign tumors of the nose is set when an endoscopy of the nose, probing tumor palpation, radiography. The final diagnosis is verified by histological examination of tumor slices.
HPV is usually localized in the run-up nose, grow relatively slowly, often recur after removal. Given that the papilloma may degenerate into cancer, its removal must be radical. In order to prevent scarring, it is advisable to carry out after the removal of warts cryotherapy on the wound surface.
Vascular tumors of the nasal cavity (hemangiomas – capillary and cavernous, lymphangioma) are developed on the nasal septum, the cartilage in the most part, inferior turbinate, the nasal vault. They grow slowly, usually bleed intermittently, sometimes very strongly, and may gradually increase to fill the nasal cavity, grow in a grid maze, orbit and maxillary sinus, have a look round bumpy red-cyanotic tumor. When a large tumor in order to clarify its boundaries is necessary to make angiography of the carotid arteries.
Surgical treatment, but it must be borne in mind the possibility of massive blood loss. Relapses are possible with non-radical excision.
Bleeding polyp in structure resembles angiofibromas usually localized in the cartilage of the nasal septum, and usually has a wide leg. Bleeding polyp is more common in women, especially during pregnancy and lactation. Its size is usually small, but sometimes acts as a tumor iznosa.Postoyannym frequent symptom is bleeding, usually in small portions.
Removal of bleeding palipa must be radical, because the remaining part of the polyp recur quickly.
Fibroma of the nose is rare, usually localized on the eve of the nose, nasopharynx, and in the external nose.
Osteoma of the nose and paranasal sinuses grow slowly, often located in the walls of the frontal sinus and ethmoid bones, rarely in the maxillary sinuses. Osteomas small sizes are often overlooked
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