Types of dental prosthetics
DENT – 2006
Implantation and Prosthetics in Israel – the leading specialists
Prosthetics can be considered a basis for prosthetic dentistry. Although orthopedic prosthetics is not confined to, this is the section most in demand and continues to grow, attracting the most advanced materials, technologies and scientific achievements. From the standpoint of classical prosthetic dentistry, there are two main methods of restoration of the dentition:
- restoration of teeth
- proper dental prosthetics.
Restoration work is akin to a restorer, ie aims to preserve the maximum of the original. Usually it is carried out with partial tooth loss. It uses two main methods – the method of dental inlays and method of installing pins (rods) which are then "built up" artificial teeth. Actually prosthetics includes far more options. Here are the most famous of them:
Removable dentures. Today, a removable prosthesis is very different from the previous day on the materials, technologies, and most importantly – for aesthetic designs. And if you had "teeth in a glass" is unfortunate, but today they are still among the most common and quite comfortable designs. The reason is simple: they have a good relationship between the parameters price / quality / aesthetics.
The main types of dentures:
- full or partial plate dentures (those "false teeth")
- removable dentures clasp
- removable dentures, small (a type of cosmetic prostheses)
- conditionally dentures.
Plate denture prosthesis is a plastic base, follow the contour of the gums, which are inserted in the dentures. But it must be remembered that each of these prostheses is unique in both form and content and design, as created for a specific patient. Only varieties and combinations of materials used for removable dentures – tens and design features – a hundred. The disadvantage of this prosthesis is a need for their daily removal to comply with proper oral hygiene and denture, as well as to prevent development.
Removable dentures. Fixed prosthesis is very popular among middle-aged persons, as the loss of individual teeth, this method makes it relatively inexpensive and very effective to restore the tooth row, and with it the normal function and appearance of the dentition. Modern technology not only greatly expanded the indications for non-removable prosthesis, but also allowed to use completely different methods of recovery of loss of teeth.
Clasp dentures. Clasp – this arc, therefore, denture clasp – a prosthesis with curved structures. Advantages of clasp designs are to secure fixation of the dentition, which is important as the loss of teeth, and in the treatment of periodontal disease, when you need a reliable fixation of the tooth staggering. Modern high-tech design clasp prakicheski invisible to the casual observer, that enhances their aesthetic appeal.
Cermets. Metal-ceramic prostheses are almost always non-removable prosthesis option. The advantages of metal-enclosed in a beautiful appearance and a relatively low price. Disadvantage – a frequent need for a substantial grinding of the tooth under the metal-ceramic crowns and tooth depulpirovaniya to set tabs, which increase the strength of the tooth.
Mikroprotezirovanie. This restoration of tooth structure by using the tabs (internal prostheses) and lining (veneer). Mikroprotezirovanie – a promising direction of development of prosthetic dentistry, which develops at the junction with the therapeutic (replacement of sealing tabs) and orthodontic techniques (changing the appearance of the tooth row). Essentially mikroprotezirovanie is not proper prosthesis and restoration, ie, restoration of partial loss of the tooth.
Bridges. Constitute a prosthesis that hang on the basis of the bridge supports in the form of the teeth adjacent to the defect. A very popular type of prosthetic design.
Conditionally removable dentures. There are two types of quasi-removable prosthetics. One of them is akin to the bridge prosthetics, because the prosthesis is attached or fastened by special locks to adjacent teeth. The other option – using root implants (special screws) that are "screwed" denture tooth. This is due to the fact that the dentist "peel" or "turn off" the tooth prosthesis is easy, this type of prosthesis and called conditionally removable.
Each type of prosthesis has its own advantages and disadvantages, especially hygiene, the parameters of reliability and durability, as well as a certain price range. For this reason the choice of a particular type of dental prosthetics should be discussed with an orthopedic doctor.
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