Ankle-brachial pressure index – ABI
VASCULAR SURGERY – EURODOCTOR.RU – 2007
Ankle-brachial index – a parameter for assessing the adequacy of blood circulation in the lower extremities. For this purpose, the measurement of blood pressure in the shoulder and ankle. After that, these figures are compared with the result that the doctor gets the ankle-brachial index. Usually, the pressure in the shoulder and ankle is the same. However, if the pressure in the ankle is lower than in the shoulder, which means that probably narrowed arteries of the lower extremities.
To determine the ankle-brachial index doctor uses a conventional apparatus for measuring blood pressure or ultrasound machine. However, this option does not allow to determine the localization of the blockage of the artery. Ankle-brachial pressure index reflects the degree of stenosis or occlusion of arteries of lower limbs with atherosclerotic obliteration.
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